The Greater Accra Regional Hospital at Ridge
Square Footage: 465,560
Hospital Design of the Year, 2016
Africa Healthcare Summit
International Academy Award – Future Health Project, 2014
Design & Health
Honor Award for Unbuilt Design, 2014
AIA Florida Chapter
The Government of Ghana sought to replace the existing facilities of the Ghana Ridge Hospital with a new modern hospital that reflected the aspirations of the fast developing African Country. The Ministry of Health identified this hospital as the main central healthcare facility in the city of Accra and expanded its facilities into a comprehensive masterplan that increased the program to 600 beds and more than 12 surgical theaters totaling 465,560 SF. In Phase 1, the 307,000 SF facility contains approximately 400 beds and enhanced medical specialties including A&E unit and imaging, maternity, daycare, day surgery, NICU, HDU, Administration, Laboratory and ICU’s. The development, programmed in two phases, allowed for the continuous operation of the existing hospital. The new hospital expansion delivers modern healthcare facilities and becomes the most advanced hospital in the country to date.
The project engages with the living qualities of the site and its place by fine-tuning the way it responds to the requirements and expectations of patients and their families, medical, administrative and support staff. Breezeways, public corridors, and waiting areas, passively cooled by natural ventilation are formally articulated as a series of layers reinterpreting the vernacular response to the place, where transitional spaces for gathering have a cultural significance. The building envelope at a larger scale provides solar shading with large concrete overhangs and canopies and at a finer scale, brise soleils for the glazing. The hospital is composed of five levels where a plinth is created by the first three floors, then topped by four 2-level inpatient towers, taking advantage of the natural site slope. The front boldly faces the major thoroughfare on the south which runs in a northwest to southeast direction and becomes a datum which lends organization for the building’s circulation and function at the site scale. Arrival activities flank the building on the northeast and southwest. Public transportation delivers patients through a public area culminating in a naturally ventilated waiting area. Other arrivals can occur through an internal site-located drop off area.
The program layout is arranged to keep an efficient and simple building operation, where the building is designed as a robust system of components that perform with minimal maintenance. Integral to this living system are sustainable strategies that include passive cooling, rainwater harvesting, condensate water reuse, light color exterior finishes and solar water heating.